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TURKISH LESSON

   The Turkish alphabet has 8 vowels 
(A E I İ O Ö U Ü ) and 21 consonants. The letters Q, W and X do not exist in Turkish. It is easy to pronounce  or  spell any word one hears, if you get familiar to type pronunciation values of some letters. The letters below are the ones with different spelling with their explanations:

LETTERS AND PRONUNCIATION

ç=ch   (as in chocolate)

ğ = (soft g) Never appears as the first letter in a word; essentially silent; sometimes lengthens preceding vowel; sometimes pronounced like "y" in "yet"    (diğer=other   pronounced as "diyer"   )

I (undotted i) = between i and e   (as in "cotton")

Ö= oe   (as in "bird")

ş= ( dotted s)= sh    (as in "she")

ü= (as in French "tu"  or in German "für")

a = "a" (as in "card" or "dark"), never as "a" in"cat" or "back" ( kan = blood )

c = J (as in "judge"   or "John") 

e=e (as in "bed")

g = g (as in "get")

i( dotted "i" ) =i (as in "sit")

o=o (as in "bold")

s=s (as in "sing"), never pronounced like a "z" as the "s" in "his"

u =oo (as in "good")

EVERYDAY CONVERSATION AND USEFUL PHRASES

hello = merhaba
goodbye =  güle güle
good night =iyi geceler
thank you = teşekkür ederim  / sağol
please = lütfen
how are you? = nasılsın?
yes = evet
maybe = belki
what is your name = adınız ne?
how old are you? = kaç yaşındasınız?
I want .....= .......istiyorum
If god wills = inşallah
when? = ne zaman? 
what time is it = saat kaç?
today = bugün
next week = gelecek hafta
one hour later = bir saat sonra
okey = tamam
SHOPPING
how much is it? = kaça? / ne kadar?
cheap = ucuz
expensive = pahalı
sale = indirim
WHILE TRAVELLING
where is it? = nerede ?
where to ? = nereye ?
stop = durun
wait = bekleyin
FOOD    =    YEMEK
veal = dana eti
lamb = kuzu eti
mutton = koyun eti
beef = sığır eti
water = su
bread = ekmek
chicken = tavuk
fish = balık
rice = pilav
soup = çorba
NUMBERS
one = bir
two = iki
three = üç
four = dört
five = beş
six = altı
seven = yedi
eight = sekiz
nine = dokuz
ten = on
hundred = yüz
thousand = bin
CONVERSATION
welcome = hoşgeldiniz
good evening = iyi akşamlar
good morning = günaydın
you're welcome = bir şey değil
I am glad to meet you = tanıştığımıza memnun oldum
I am fine = iyiyim
no = hayır
never= asla
my name is...= adım .......
I am ......  years old  = ......  yaşındayım.
I don't want .....=  ........istemiyorum.
I beg your pardon? = efendim?
where? = nerede?
yesterday = dün
tomorrow = yarın
last week = geçen hafta
now = şimdi
IN THE HOTEL
room = oda
bed = yatak
price = ücret
IN THE RESTAURANT
waiter = garson
may I have....please = .... alabilir miyim lütfen
menu please = menü lütfen
bill please = hesap lütfen
DRINK      =   İÇECEK
water = su
milk = süt
mineral water = maden suyu
wine = şarap
yogurt with water = ayran
fruit juice = meyva suyu
glass = bardak
ice = buz
DAYS OF THE WEEK
Monday = pazartesi
Tuesday = salı
Wednesday = çarşamba
Thursday = perşembe
friday = cuma
Saturday = cumartesi
Sunday= pazar

 

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